What is Soil Bio-Muti (SBM)? It is a concentration of living micro-organisms that exists in natural, fertile, humic soils and it is packaged in a concentrated form in suspension in water. It contains no chemicals or any inorganic substances.Why do you need Soil Bio-Muti?Most agricultural soils are biologically dead due to mineral and chemical applications over the years. The chemical soils may well be rich in minerals, but these alone are not enough to feed healthy plants. If biological fertility can be restored you have a win-win situation. Soil Bio-Muti contains amongst others, bacteria that supply sufficient nitrogen to plants when enough organic matter is incorporated into the soil. We don’t know how this happens, but research is being done by a research team at North West University in Potchefstroom, that should give us some answers in the near future.How do I apply Soil Bio-Muti? Because these are living micro-organisms, they need dry organic material forfood and multiplication, thus you need to incorporate organic material with high levels of cellulose and lignin into the soil together with the Soil Bio-Muti.The application rate?The most cost effective application rate for Home Gardens is 50:1 ie. 200ml of Soil Bio-Muti in 10 litres of water per 9 square metres of soil on 5 cm of organic matter. After lightly working the wetted material into the soil, you will need to water again to ensure the microbes have penetrated sufficiently into the soil. For commercial agriculture; 20 to 40 litres per Hectare, depending on soil condition.Application need not be carried out with laboratory accuracy.How does Soil Bio-Muti compare with Compost?Compost is basically decomposed organic matter which provides a concentration of nutrients and aerobic “Forest Floor” types of bacteria and fungi, while Soil Bio-Muti is a fluid concentration of “Forest Floor” bacteria plus all types of micro-organisms found in virgin top soil. This is how Soil Bio-Muti restores and fortifies biologically depleted soils.Compost bacteria can be multiplied by making compost tea which needs to be applied to the soil within a few hours. Soil Bio-Muti has a shelf life of 2 years, provided it is stored out of direct sunlight and temperatures between 15 and 25 °C.Manufacturing compost and applying it to soil on a large scale is prohibitively expensive and cannot be considered as a viable alternative to chemical industrial agriculture on a commercial scale. To rehabilitate polluted or biologically ‘dead’ soil will take many applications of compost and a long time, whereas Soil Bio-Muti will do the job within one or two seasons with amazing results.What are the advantages to the Micro Farmer and Home Gardener?Soil Bio-Muti is much more cost effective than compost or man-made chemical fertilisers.Soil Bio-Muti has a shelf life of 2 years, but should be used as soon as possible.Soil Bio-Muti is easier to apply, and can be done with simple hand tools and with existing farm machinery.Should micro users only apply the diluted mixture with a simple watering can without incorporating organic material, they will still achieve good results.Are there any other advantages?Healthy soil supports healthy plants. Insects and other pests only attack plants which are stressed, diseased, or not completely healthy, thus fewer pesticides are necessary.Soil Bio-Muti can also be sprayed over and under plant leaves to deter insects and has been known to cure wool-lice and redspin infections if detected early.Are there any disadvantages when using Soil Bio-Muti?Because these organisms naturally occur under the ground, they are not used to sunlight and if exposed for lengthy periods, sunlight will kill them.Applying Soil Bio-Muti is best done in low light conditions, such as late afternoon, or early evening. If applied in full sunlight, with minimal exposure between container and soil, the percentage or organisms killed will be negligible.Are there commercial applications for Soil Bio-Muti?Most definitely.Soil Bio-Muti is easily applied to large tracts of land using the equipment all commercial farmers already own. Available dry plant material such as veld grass or harvest residue is sprayed with the diluted Soil Bio-Muti and ploughed into the soil. The soil requires a few weeks for the microbes to spread into the soil before seed bed preparation and planting. New lands will be very productive straight away and soils which have beenpolluted or drained of nutrients will recover within a maximum of three seasons to become super fertile, but impressive improvements will be achieved in the first season.Scientific research is being conducted by the University of North West at Potchefstroom, with funding from the Maize Trust to verify the performance of Soil Bio-Muti.